Best known for his genius in art and architecture, Michelangelo was also an accomplished author of homoerotic poetry.
The bisexual Lord Byron treated many of his homosexual love affairs in his poetry, encoding them by the use of classical references or by purporting that they were affairs with women.
Before Stonewall, censorship of the theater caused authors to encode homosexual content in publicly-presented plays.
Combining elements of incongruity, theatricality, and exaggeration, camp is a form of humor that helps homosexuals cope with a hostile environment.
Sri Lankan-Canadian writer Shyam Selvadurai has emerged as a significant figure in post-colonial and gay writing by virtue of the style, wit, and perspicacity of his three novels.
There has always been homosexual involvement in American musical theatre and a homosexual sensibility even in straight musicals, and recently the Broadway musical has welcomed openly homosexual themes and situations.
The African-American gay male literary tradition consists of a substantial body of texts and includes some of the most gifted writers of the twentieth century.
A vigorous gay and lesbian literature emerged in the Philippines in the last two decades of the twentieth century.
Prime Minister David Cameron.
The hate-filled "Values Voters Summit" held by right-wing Christian groups and other conservatives in Washington, D.C. this past weekend turned out to be an orgy of gay-bashing. The Republican presidential candidates lined up to denounce same-sex marriage. They also pledged to reinstate Don't Ask, Don't Tell; promised to enforce and defend DOMA; and solemnly swore to oppose the "homosexual agenda." In this context of American conservatives' embrace of discrimination and bigotry, it is worth noting that at the annual conference of the U.K.'s Conservative Party on October 5, 2011, Prime Minister David Cameron forthrightly endorsed same-sex marriage as a matter of conservative principle.
Cameron announced, "We're consulting on legalizing gay marriage. To anyone who has reservations, I say: Yes, it's about equality, but it's also about something else: commitment. Conservatives believe in the ties that bind us; that society is stronger when we make vows to each other and support each other. So I don't support gay marriage despite being a Conservative. I support gay marriage because I'm a Conservative."
Cameron's government, a coalition of Conservatives and Liberal Democrats, announced plans to introduce legislation establishing marriage equality before the next general election, which is scheduled for 2015.
In 2004, the labor government of former Prime Minister Tony Blair passed the Civil Partnership Act, which came into force in December 2005. A civil partnership provides same-sex partners with virtually all of the rights of married heterosexual couples, including automatic legal recognition as next of kin, inheritance, and pension rights.
The most significant differences between civil partnerships and marriages are religious. Since the United Kingdom's official state church does not approve of same-sex marriage, the government made civil partnership an entirely secular process and even restricted the places where civil partnerships could be executed to non-religious venues.
Cameron's government previously announced plans to relax some of the religious restrictions on civil partnerships. For example, religious denominations and groups would be allowed, at their discretion, to host and participate in civil partnership ceremonies just as they do marriages.
However, the main objection to civil partnerships by most glbtq people, including activists such as Peter Tatchell, is that separate legal classifications are inherently unequal.
Cameron's plan to upgrade civil partnerships to marriage is thus an attempt to grant glbtq citizens full equality under the law in the United Kingdom.
His plan will be opposed by the Church of England, the Roman Catholic Church, and the evangelical churches, as well as some members of his own party, but it will likely be supported by majorities of the Liberal Democratic Party and the Labor Party.
Below is a video clip of Cameron's speech at the Conservative Party conference in Manchester on October 5 in which he declares his support of same-sex marriage as a conservative principle.