The sexual revolution of post-World War II America changed sexual and gender roles profoundly.
With reports from hundreds of sub-Saharan African locales of male-male sexual relations and from about fifty of female-female sexual relations, it is clear that same-sex sexual relations existed in traditional African societies, though varying in forms and in the degree of public acceptance
In British law, Section 28 of the Local Government Act, enforced from 1988 until 2003, prohibited the promotion of homosexuality and teaching the acceptability of homosexuality as a "pretended family relationship".
The Hijras--men who dress and act like women--have been a presence in India for generations, maintaining a third-gender role that has become institutionalized through tradition.
The dominant ideology among politicized lesbians during the 1970s and 1980s, Lesbian Feminism was based on the premise that lesbianism and feminism were inextricably linked.
Harvey Milk, among the first openly gay man to be elected to public office in the United States, was assassinated in San Francisco's City Hall, making him the American gay liberation movement's most visible martyr.
By the early twentieth-century, YMCAs had become popular havens for men who sought sex with other men.
Compulsory heterosexuality is the assumption that women and men are innately attracted to each other emotionally and sexually and that heterosexuality is universal, a view that leads to an institutional inequality of power that privileges heterosexual males and denigrates women, especially lesbians.
Video still from "Homecoming."
The U.K.'s Coalition for Equal Marriage has released a new video to encourage support for the government's plans to institute marriage equality in England and Wales. Directed by Mike Buonaiuto, the short film dramatizes British forces returning home to their loved ones.
A campaign established by partners Conor Marron and James Lattimore, the Coalition for Equal Marriage has become the leading organization campaigning in support of Prime Minister David Cameron's plan to end the ban on civil marriage for gay and lesbian couples. During the government's current "consultation" on marriage equality, the Coalition is urging grassroots support to counter the opposition to equal marriage loudly announced by religious organizations.
Implicit in the film is the argument that if individuals are willing to risk their lives by serving in the British military, they deserve equal marriage rights.
Britain's PinkNews helped make, distribute, and promote the film.
Director Mike Buonaiuto told PinkNews, "One day I would like to marry my partner of almost 5 years. And the celebration of our commitment should mean no more or less than any other straight couple. I made the film to promote change and also inspire others to use their creativity to support equality."
The film stars stage actor James Knight and film actor Lew Smart.
In the video below, director Mike Buonaiuto discusses the making of "Homecoming."