home
arts
literature
social sciences
special features
discussion
about glbtq
   search

 
   Encyclopedia
   Discussion
 
 
 
 
Advertising Opportunities
Press Kit
Research Guide
Terms of Service
Privacy Policy
Copyright
 
site guide
search tips
research guide
editors & contributors
contact us
send feedback
write the editor
 
 
 
 
subscribe
Subscribe to our free e-mail newsletter to receive a spotlight on glbtq culture every month.
e-mail address:
 
 
 
  unsubscribe
 
 
Popular Topics in Social Sciences
Stonewall Riots Stonewall Riots
The confrontations between police and demonstrators at the Stonewall Inn in New York City the weekend of June 27-29, 1969 mark the beginning of the modern glbtq movement for equal rights.
 
Gay Liberation Front
Formed soon after the Stonewall Riots of 1969, the short-lived but influential Gay Liberation Front brought a new militancy to the movement that became known as gay liberation.
 
The Sexual Revolution, 1960-1980 The Sexual Revolution, 1960-1980
The sexual revolution of post-World War II America changed sexual and gender roles profoundly.
 
Leather Culture
"Leather" is a blanket term for a large array of sexual preferences, identities, relationship structures, and social organizations loosely tied together by the thread of what is conventionally understood as sadomasochistic sex.
 
Anthony, Susan B. Anthony, Susan B.
Although best known for her crusade for women's suffrage, Susan B. Anthony spoke out on a range of feminist issues.
 
Africa: Sub-Saharan, Pre-Independence
With reports from hundreds of sub-Saharan African locales of male-male sexual relations and from about fifty of female-female sexual relations, it is clear that same-sex sexual relations existed in traditional African societies, though varying in forms and in the degree of public acceptance
 
Androgyny Androgyny
Androgyny, a psychological blending of gender traits, has long been embraced by strong women, soft men, members of queer communities, and others who do not easily fit into traditionally defined gender categories.
 
Russia
A cultural crossroads between Asia and Europe, Russia has a long, rich, and often violent heritage of varied influences and stark confrontations in regard to its patterns of same-sex love.
 
Topics In the News
 
Uruguay's Senate Passes Marriage Equality Legislation
Posted by: Claude J. Summers on 04/02/13
Last updated on: 04/02/13
 
Bookmark and Share

On April 2, 2013, Uruguay's Senate passed marriage equality legislation, placing the country on target to become South America's second nation to permit same-sex marriage nation-wide. Despite fierce opposition from the Roman Catholic Church, the bill passed both houses of parliament by overwhelming votes. The House of Representatives passed the legislation on a 81 to 6 vote in December; the vote in the Senate was 23 to 8.

As Michael Lavers reports in the Washington Blade, the Senate passed the bill after several hours of debate.

During the debate Senator Rafael Michelini compared the extension of marriage rights to same-sex couples in Uruguay as a "profound modification" for society that one could compare to the abolition of slavery and the law that established an eight hour work day.

Before it becomes law, the bill passed by the Senate must return to the House of Representatives to reconcile some minor differences and then on to the desk of President José Mujica, who has pledged to sign it.

If the bill becomes law, Uruguay will become the second country in South America--after its neighbor, Argentina--to provide equal marriage rights to all its same-sex couples.

Mexican gay and lesbian couples have been able to marry in Mexico City since 2010, while a recent ruling by the country's high court legalized same-sex marriage in Oaxaca and promises to establish marriage equality nationally there as well.

Same-sex couples in Colombia will automatically receive full marriage rights in June if the country's lawmakers do not act upon a court ruling that orders them to legislate the matter. Colombia's Senate is considering a measure that would legalize nuptials for gays and lesbians, though the legislation is not expected to pass.

Same-sex marriages are also recognized in some states of Brazil.

Uruguay has been in the vanguard of progressive social change in South America. In 2008, it became the first Latin American country to adopt a national civil union law, the Ley de Unión Concubinaria. The law permits both same-sex and opposite-sex couples to enter into a civil union after living together for at least five years. Couples in civil unions are entitled to most of the benefits that married couples are afforded, including social security entitlements, inheritance rights, and joint ownership of goods and property. In addition, same-sex couple are permitted joint adoption rights.

In December, when the House of Representatives passed the marriage equality bill, Deputy Nicolás Núñez said "We are ending decades of institutionalized discrimination from the state."

"Today, we are a step further toward becoming a more democratic and just society," Álvaro Queiruga of the glbtq advocacy group Colectivo Ovejas Negras said then. "The LGBT population will no longer be denied an essential right such as this one. We are very happy today, and this will empower us to continue our fight for a better Uruguay without second class citizens due to their sexual orientation or gender identity."

The video below reports on the ruling party's endorsement of marriage equality in August.

 
Related Encyclopedia Entries
 
browse:   arts   literature   social-sciences   discussion boards
 
learn more about glbtq       contact us       advertise on glbtq.com
 
Bookmark and Share

glbtq™ and its logo are trademarks of glbtq, Inc.
This site and its contents Copyright © 2002-2014, glbtq, Inc.

Your use of this site indicates that you accept its Terms of Service.