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Popular Topics in Literature
García Lorca, Federico García Lorca, Federico
The works of García Lorca, internationally recognized as Spain's most prominent lyric poet and dramatist of the twentieth century, are filled with thinly veiled homosexual motifs and themes.
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Best known for his genius in art and architecture, Michelangelo was also an accomplished author of homoerotic poetry.
African-American Literature: Gay Male African-American Literature: Gay Male
The African-American gay male literary tradition consists of a substantial body of texts and includes some of the most gifted writers of the twentieth century.
Camp Camp
Combining elements of incongruity, theatricality, and exaggeration, camp is a form of humor that helps homosexuals cope with a hostile environment.
Hughes, Langston Hughes, Langston
Langston Hughes, whose literary legacy is enormous and varied, was closeted, but homosexuality was an important influence on his literary imagination, and many of his poems may be read as gay texts.
Baldwin, James Arthur Baldwin, James Arthur
James Baldwin, a pioneering figure in twentieth-century literature, wrote sustained and articulate challenges to American racism and mandatory heterosexuality.
Wilde, Oscar Wilde, Oscar
Oscar Wilde is important both as an accomplished writer and as a symbolic figure who exemplified a way of being homosexual at a pivotal moment in the emergence of gay consciousness.
Topics In the News
Vote for Marriage Equality
Posted by: Claude J. Summers on 11/05/12
Last updated on: 11/05/12
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Questions relating to marriage equality will be on the November 6, 2012 ballot in four states: Maine, Maryland, Washington, and Minnesota.

Questions relating to marriage equality will be on the November 6, 2012 ballot in four states: Maine, Maryland, Washington, and Minnesota. Although it is deeply unfair to subject the rights of minorities to a popular vote, it is imperative that we begin to win some of these referenda.

Maine's Question 1 is a voter referendum on a citizen-initiated state statute, "An Act to Allow Marriage Licenses for Same-Sex Couples and Protect Religious Freedom." The question that will appear on the ballot will be: "Do you want to allow the State of Maine to issue marriage licenses to same-sex couples?"

In 2009, a referendum to veto the marriage equality bill that had been passed by the Maine legislature and signed by the governor passed 53 to 47 percent and repealed the law before it took effect.

Despite their disappointment, the state's marriage equality proponents did not give up in their quest for equal rights. They decided to attempt to persuade Maine voters to change their mind. In 2011, they announced plans to take the initiative and return to the ballot.

EqualityMaine and Gay & Lesbian Advocates & Defenders (GLAD) announced plans to place a voter initiative in support of same-sex marriage on Maine's November 2012 ballot. Supporters delivered more than 105,000 petition signatures for the initiative to the Secretary of State's office on January 26, 2012, exceeding the minimum of 57,277 signatures requirement.

If you live in Maine, please vote Yes on Question 1.

Maryland's Question 6 is a referendum on the marriage equality legislation that was passed by the legislature earlier this year. The Civil Marriage Protection Act allows same-sex couples to obtain civil marriage licenses and protects religious institutions from having to perform any particular marriage ceremony. Question 6 asks voters to vote "For" or "Against" the law.

If you live in Maryland, please vote For Question 6.

Washington state's Referendum 74 asks voters whether they approve or reject the marriage equality legislation passed by the legislature earlier this year. The ballot question reads: "This bill would allow same-sex couples to marry, preserve domestic partnerships only for seniors, and preserve the right of clergy or religious organizations to refuse to perform, recognize, or accommodate any marriage ceremony. Should this bill be: Approved or Rejected."

If you live in Washington, please vote Approved on Referendum 74.

Minnesota's Amendment 1 would add a section to Article XIII of the Minnesota Constitution that limits the status of marriage to opposite-sex couples: "only a union of one man and one woman shall be valid or recognized as a marriage in Minnesota."

In you live in Minnesota, please vote No on Amendment 1.

Thanks to a unanimous decision by the Iowa Supreme Court in 2009, that state has marriage equality. But anti-gay forces launched a successful campaign in 2010 against three members of the court who were up for a retention vote. This election another member of the court also faces a retention vote, Justice David Wiggins.

If you live in Iowa, please vote Yes to retain Justice Wiggins and maintain the independence of the Iowa Supreme Court.

Recent polls indicate that these races will be close but that we have reason for optimism.

The marriage equality video below was produced by FullFrontalFreedom.

The video below, produced by Google employees, is distributed by the Four, a marriage equality group focusing on the four ballot questions to be voted on on November 6, 2012.

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