Although gay, lesbian, and queer theory are related practices, the three terms delineate separate emphases marked by different assumptions about the relationship between gender and sexuality.
Feminist literary theory is a complex, dynamic area of study that draws from a wide range of critical theories.
The Harlem Renaissance, an African-American literary movement of the 1920s and 1930s, included several important gay and lesbian writers.
The bisexual novelist and memoirist Violette Leduc is an astute psychological observer and a dramatic chronicler of women's issues.
Erotic and pornographic works have been written in many cultures since ancient times and recently have flourished with the relaxation of censorship.
Combining elements of incongruity, theatricality, and exaggeration, camp is a form of humor that helps homosexuals cope with a hostile environment.
Conflicted over his own sexuality, Tennessee Williams wrote directly about homosexuality only in his short stories, his poetry, and his late plays.
African-American writer Randall Kenan delineates the richly nuanced internal landscapes of the diverse inhabitants of his fictional community, Tims Creek, N. C.
Video still from Darling! The Piet-Dirk Uys Story.
In honor of World AIDS Day, it is appropriate to spotlight two documentaries that explore responses to AIDS in South Africa and in San Francisco, respectively.
Julian Shaw's Darling! The Piet-Dirk Uys Story (2007) chronicles the history of the struggle against AIDS in South Africa and the leadership provided to that struggle by the remarkable South African entertainer, satirist, and drag queen Piet-Dirk Uys.
Uys is best known for his character Evita Bezuidenhout, a white Afrikaner socialite, who was inspired by Australian comedian Barry Humphries's character Dame Edna Everage and named in honor of Evita Peron. Under Apartheid, Uys used stand-up comedy to criticize and expose the absurdity of the South African government's racial policies. With the advent of AIDS, he turned his attention to exposing the absurdities of South African AIDS policies and of educating South African youth about AIDS.
Uys's work in combatting AIDS is recounted in the documentary made by New Zealand wunderkind Julian Shaw. The documentary, which was made when Shaw was in high school, may be viewed in its entirety here:
In addition to making documentaries, Julian Shaw has created a stir as an actor, most recently by his appearance in the viral video entitled "It's Time," made to promote marriage equality by Australia's community activist organization, GetUp.
A recently released documentary chronicles the history of AIDS in the United States. David Weissman's We Were Here, which was recently short-listed for an Academy Award as Best Documentary, recounts the arrival and impact of AIDS in San Francisco. It explores how the city's inhabitants were affected by and responded to the calamity.
Stephen Holden of the New York Times has written, "Of all the cinematic explorations of the AIDS crisis, not one is more heartbreaking and inspiring than WE WERE HERE. . . . The humility, wisdom and cumulative sorrow expressed lend the film a glow of spirituality and infuse it with grace.
Here is the trailer for We Were Here: