The works of García Lorca, internationally recognized as Spain's most prominent lyric poet and dramatist of the twentieth century, are filled with thinly veiled homosexual motifs and themes.
There has always been homosexual involvement in American musical theatre and a homosexual sensibility even in straight musicals, and recently the Broadway musical has welcomed openly homosexual themes and situations.
Best known for his genius in art and architecture, Michelangelo was also an accomplished author of homoerotic poetry.
The African-American gay male literary tradition consists of a substantial body of texts and includes some of the most gifted writers of the twentieth century.
Combining elements of incongruity, theatricality, and exaggeration, camp is a form of humor that helps homosexuals cope with a hostile environment.
Langston Hughes, whose literary legacy is enormous and varied, was closeted, but homosexuality was an important influence on his literary imagination, and many of his poems may be read as gay texts.
James Baldwin, a pioneering figure in twentieth-century literature, wrote sustained and articulate challenges to American racism and mandatory heterosexuality.
Oscar Wilde is important both as an accomplished writer and as a symbolic figure who exemplified a way of being homosexual at a pivotal moment in the emergence of gay consciousness.
Video still from Darling! The Piet-Dirk Uys Story.
In honor of World AIDS Day, it is appropriate to spotlight two documentaries that explore responses to AIDS in South Africa and in San Francisco, respectively.
Julian Shaw's Darling! The Piet-Dirk Uys Story (2007) chronicles the history of the struggle against AIDS in South Africa and the leadership provided to that struggle by the remarkable South African entertainer, satirist, and drag queen Piet-Dirk Uys.
Uys is best known for his character Evita Bezuidenhout, a white Afrikaner socialite, who was inspired by Australian comedian Barry Humphries's character Dame Edna Everage and named in honor of Evita Peron. Under Apartheid, Uys used stand-up comedy to criticize and expose the absurdity of the South African government's racial policies. With the advent of AIDS, he turned his attention to exposing the absurdities of South African AIDS policies and of educating South African youth about AIDS.
Uys's work in combatting AIDS is recounted in the documentary made by New Zealand wunderkind Julian Shaw. The documentary, which was made when Shaw was in high school, may be viewed in its entirety here:
In addition to making documentaries, Julian Shaw has created a stir as an actor, most recently by his appearance in the viral video entitled "It's Time," made to promote marriage equality by Australia's community activist organization, GetUp.
A recently released documentary chronicles the history of AIDS in the United States. David Weissman's We Were Here, which was recently short-listed for an Academy Award as Best Documentary, recounts the arrival and impact of AIDS in San Francisco. It explores how the city's inhabitants were affected by and responded to the calamity.
Stephen Holden of the New York Times has written, "Of all the cinematic explorations of the AIDS crisis, not one is more heartbreaking and inspiring than WE WERE HERE. . . . The humility, wisdom and cumulative sorrow expressed lend the film a glow of spirituality and infuse it with grace.
Here is the trailer for We Were Here: