Best known for his genius in art and architecture, Michelangelo was also an accomplished author of homoerotic poetry.
The bisexual Lord Byron treated many of his homosexual love affairs in his poetry, encoding them by the use of classical references or by purporting that they were affairs with women.
Before Stonewall, censorship of the theater caused authors to encode homosexual content in publicly-presented plays.
Combining elements of incongruity, theatricality, and exaggeration, camp is a form of humor that helps homosexuals cope with a hostile environment.
Sri Lankan-Canadian writer Shyam Selvadurai has emerged as a significant figure in post-colonial and gay writing by virtue of the style, wit, and perspicacity of his three novels.
There has always been homosexual involvement in American musical theatre and a homosexual sensibility even in straight musicals, and recently the Broadway musical has welcomed openly homosexual themes and situations.
The African-American gay male literary tradition consists of a substantial body of texts and includes some of the most gifted writers of the twentieth century.
A vigorous gay and lesbian literature emerged in the Philippines in the last two decades of the twentieth century.
Clément Méric, an 18-year-old student at the prestigious French university Sciences Po, has died as a result of a beating by a group of Neo-Nazi skinheads in downtown Paris on June 5, 2013. His death on June 6, the latest outrage committed by right-wing extremists in France, has left the country reeling.
On June 6, thousands of people, in cities all over the country, gathered to offer sympathy to Méric's family, to honor his memory, and to express horror at the right-wing violence that has marked the demonstrations against marriage equality in France.
As The Local reports, seven arrests have been made, including the person suspected of delivering the final blow to Méric.
President François Hollande, who is on an official visit to Japan, "condemned the attack in the strongest possible terms."
"I have given the most rigorous possible instructions so that the authors of the odious act can be arrested at the earliest possible juncture," he said in a statement.
Although it is not clear that the attack on Méric was motivated by homophobia, acts of homophobic violence by extreme right-wingers have increased during the deliberations on marriage equality. Gay rights organizations have complained to authorities that glbtq people and their supporters are being targeted by fascists.
Interior Minister Manuel Valls told reporters that "There is no place for small neo-Nazi groups whose enemy is the nation. A group of the extreme right is at the heart of this assassination." He added, "There is a discourse of hate and a climate that favours this discourse. We need to pay attention to this because they threaten our values."
One of the attackers was seen wearing a t-shirt with the logo of the right-wing National Front party. Nevertheless, Marine Le Pen, the leader of the party, angrily denied that her organization had any involvement in the attack.
French industrialist and pro-gay marriage activist Pierre Bergé implicated the anti-gay marriage movement, known as 'Manif Pour Tous' (Demo for all) in the attack on Méric. He pointed out "the Manif pour tous accepted into their ranks these fascists who killed Clément."
Adding unbearable insult to the grievous injury of a young man's death, the French religious bigot who led the right-wing opposition to marriage equality has blamed the victim and the cause he espoused.
In an article for the French website Newsring, the despicable Frigide Barjot claimed that "The President has caused extremism to grow by passing a law that the French didn't want, and in a manner that was authoritarian and undemocratic. When we refuse to act like a democracy, extremism grows. In a way, you could say that there was a death because of this denial of democracy."
It was, of course, this stupid woman who threatened President Hollande and the nation when through democratic means marriage equality was adopted. She said in April "Hollande wants blood, and he's going to get it."
Her movement became so violent that she became afraid to attend the most recent demonstrations under the Manif pour tous banner, at which many demonstrators openly gave the fascist salute.
Like her American admirers Tony Perkins of the Family Research Council and Brian Brown of the National Organization for Marriage, Frigide Barjot has blood on her hands.
In the video below, from an April 2013 demonstration against the rise of homophobic violence in France, Méric may be seen holding a banner reading "Homophobia Kills."
The video below reports on the reaction to the murder in France.