Michael D. Sibalis is Associate Professor of History at Wilfrid Laurier University in Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. He specializes in the history of modern France and has published articles and essays on the Napoleonic police state (1799-1815), the nineteenth-century French labor movement, and French homosexuality. He has co-edited, with Jeffrey Merrick, Homosexuality in French History and Culture (2002) and is currently writing a history of the gay male community of Paris since 1700.
Entries by Michael D. Sibalis
social sciences >> Aron, Jean-Paul
French writer and public intellectual Jean-Paul Aron is widely credited for giving a human face to AIDS and thereby changing the public perception of the disease and those who suffered from it.
social sciences >> Baudry, André Émile
André Baudry, as leader of the French homophile movement from the early 1950s into the 1980s, was the principal spokesman for homosexuals in France before the rise of gay liberation in the 1970s.
social sciences >> Éon de Beaumont, Charles-Geneviève-Louis-Auguste-André-Timothée
The most famous transvestite of the eighteenth century, French diplomat Chevalier Éon de Beaumont lived the first half of his life as a man and the second as a woman.
social sciences >> Guérin, Daniel
French leftist Daniel Guérin came out publicly as a homosexual in his late sixties and for the remainder of his life worked to fuse gay liberation and left-wing politics.
literature >> Guibert, Hervé
Prolific French journalist and novelist Hervé Guibert achieved fame because of his last three books, which recounted in semi-fictionalized form his struggle with the HIV virus.
social sciences >> Hahn, Pierre
One of the earliest gay militants in contemporary France, Pierre Hahn also received the first doctorate in France for work in the history of homosexuality.
social sciences >> Henry III
Henry III, the last French king of the Valois dynasty, was widely accused of sodomy, but such charges were probably not true.
literature >> Lorrain, Jean (Paul Duval)
Almost as renowned for his homosexuality and depravity as for his literary achievements, Jean Lorrain was a French poet, novelist, and journalist of the "decadent movement" during the Belle Époque.
social sciences >> Louis XIII
Louis XIII, King of France from 1610 to 1643, experienced his most intense emotional relationships with a series of handsome men.
social sciences >> Louis XVIII
The case of Louis XVIII, who reigned as King of France from 1814 to 1824, illustrates the difficulty of attributing a homosexual orientation to people in the past.
literature >> Montesquiou-Fezensac, Count Robert de
Count Robert de Montesquiou was a writer during France's Belle Epoque, but he is best remembered as a dandy and an aesthete, who inspired the literary creations of others.
social sciences >> Napoleonic Code
Although the Napoleonic Code is sometimes said to have decriminalized homosexuality in France, that distinction belongs to the French Revolution.
social sciences >> Orléans, Philippe, Duke of
Known as "Monsieur," Philippe, Duke of Orléans lived in the shadow of his brother, Louis XIV, and is today remembered chiefly for his homosexuality.
literature >> Peyrefitte, Roger
As one of the most famous homosexuals in France in the latter half of the twentieth century, novelist Roger Peyrefitte helped shape the public perception of homosexuals in the days before gay liberation.