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  Contributor Biography:  John D. Stanley 
John D. Stanley is an independent scholar who has lived in Toronto since 1971 and specializes in the history of Poland, particularly during the Enlightenment. He received the Ph.D. from the University of Toronto and has published in such journals as Canadian Review of Studies in Nationalism and Canadian Slavonic Papers. He contributed two articles to Who's Who in Gay and Lesbian History: From Antiquity to World War II (2001).

Entries by John D. Stanley

social sciences >> Europe: The Enlightenment

Although the advocates of the Enlightenment encouraged free thinking, freedom of action, and frank discussion in sexual matters, the legal penalties for homosexual conduct during the period remained severely repressive.

social sciences >> Poland

Although Poland has a rudimentary gay subculture and a favorable legal situation, the country's anti-gay attitudes make life difficult for individual gay men and lesbians.

social sciences >> Toronto

Toronto's glbtq community has gone from being a hidden subculture to a power base in politics, the economy, and the arts.

social sciences >> Warsaw

Despite the now favorable legal situation, the Roman Catholic opposition to gay rights shapes national attitudes in Poland, holding back the progress of Warsaw's gay and lesbian community; and most of Warsaw's gays and lesbians are still in the closet. is produced by glbtq, Inc., 1130 West Adams Street, Chicago, IL   60607
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