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 Topic: Latin, the words eunuchus, spado and castratus

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Andre'  



Joined: 21 Jan 2010
Posts: 2
Interests: Sailing, Fishing, Hiking, Movies, Foreign Policy and Law with International Business, Trans-Gender Civil Rights
Physical Location: Jeannette, USA

Posted: 11 Mar 2011, 9:18 pm    Post subject: Latin, the words eunuchus, spado and castratus Reply with quote

The English word eunuch is from the Greek eune ("bed") and ekhein ("to keep"), effectively "bed keeper". In Latin, the words eunuchus, spado and castratus were used to describe eunuchs.

In ancient China castration was both a traditional punishment (until the Sui Dynasty) and a means of gaining employment in the Imperial service. At the end of the Ming Dynasty there were about 70,000 eunuchs (huàngu, or tàijiàn) employed by the emperor.

It is said that the justification of the employment of eunuchs as high-ranking civil servants was that, since they were incapable of having children, they would not be tempted to seize power and start a dynasty. In many cases, eunuchs were considered more reliable than the scholar officials. A similar system existed in Vietnam.

Eunuch were frequently employed in Imperial Indian palaces as servants for female royalty. chief eunuch ("Khwaja Saras" directing junior eunuchs below him. Eunuchs were highly valued for their strength, ability to provide protection for ladies' palaces and trustworthiness. Saris: A castrated male or intersex person. During ancient times, sarisim (plural) often served as officials or functionaries in royal courts. Eunuch Wikipedia.com

Yam (Mongolian: Өртөө Örtöö, checkpoint) is a supply point route messenger system employed and extensively used and expanded by Genghis Khan and used by subsequent Great Khans and Khans. Relay stations were used to give food, shelter and spare horses for Mongol armies messengers. Genghis Khan gave special attention to Yam because Mongol armies traveled very fast, so their messengers had to be even faster, covering 200–300 km per day. The system was used to speed up the process of information and intelligence. Yam (route) Wikipedia.com

Khagan Bek is the title used by the bek (generalissimo) of the Khazars. Khazar kingship was divided between the khagan and the Bek or Khagan Bek. Contemporary Arab historians related that the Khagan was purely a spiritual ruler or figurehead with limited powers, while the Bek was responsible for administration and military affairs. Khagan Bek Wikipedia.com

Chinese political theory does not totally discourage or prevent the rule of non-royals or foreigners holding the title of "Emperor of China". Historically, China has been divided, numerous times, into smaller kingdoms under separate rulers or warlords. The Emperor in most cases was the ruler of a united China, or must at least have claimed legitimate rule over all of China if he did not have de facto control. There have been a number of instances where there has been more than one "Emperor of All China" simultaneously in Chinese history. For example, various Ming Dynasty princes continued to claim the title after the founding of the Qing Dynasty (1644–1911), and Wu Sangui claimed the title during the Kangxi Emperor's reign. In dynasties founded by foreign conquering tribes that eventually became immersed in Chinese culture, politics, and society, the rulers would adopt the title of Emperor of China in addition to whatever titles they may have had from their original homeland. Thus, Kublai Khan was simultaneously Khagan of the Mongols and Emperor of China. Emperor of China, Wikipedia.com

Mandate of Heaven
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mandate_of_Heaven

Imperial Seal of China
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Imperial_Seal_of_China
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gennee  



Joined: 15 Sep 2005
Posts: 414
Interests: reading, writing, poetry, transgender issues, gospel, veteran's issues,jazz,education,religion,literature,Native-American and African culture,lighthouses,trails,castles,tractor trailers, playwriting, biograhies, electronics, bass guitar
Physical Location: new york

Posted: 13 Mar 2011, 2:18 pm    Post subject: COmmon in Near East Reply with quote

My friend did a study about eunuchs. I read some of the articles. Eunuchs were a normal part of the Near East culture. I'm part Native_American and shamans were a part of the culture. I view them as eunuchs also. I'm doing more research on this.

Gennee
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