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literature

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Loti, Pierre (Julien Viaud) (1850-1923)  
 
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Conclusion

Viaud's novels never deal with homosexuality directly, but then neither does Oscar Wilde's work, and he is regularly held up as the first important figure in English-language gay literature. Aziyadé and My Brother Yves were obvious enough to foster rumors about Viaud's homosexuality in the popular press of the day. Others, like Iceland Fisherman, Ramuntcho, Judith Renaudin, and The Awakened, have had to wait longer for gay readings.

Read in chronological order, Viaud's novels present the story of a gay man working to come to an understanding of his feelings and who he is as a result of them, the first novelistic corpus in Western literature to do so. It would be a half-century before any other major novelist in English or French undertook something similar in so positive a fashion.

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Richard M. Berrong

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literature >> Overview:  French Literature: Nineteenth Century

In the nineteenth century gay and lesbian sexuality becomes a significant subject in French literature.

literature >> Barthes, Roland

French semiotician Roland Barthes argued that the reintroduction of the sentimentality of love into sexuality would be the ultimate transgression.

arts >> Bernhardt, Sarah

The most famous actress of her time, Sarah Bernhardt scandalized and titillated Paris by wearing pants, taking men's roles in some of her plays, and having numerous love affairs, some with women.

literature >> Cocteau, Jean

An outspoken homosexual, Jean Cocteau was a prolific poet, novelist, critic, essayist, artist, and filmmaker.

literature >> Genet, Jean

Jean Genet's work has left a powerful legacy to post-modernity and remains a provocation to questions of gay identity.

literature >> Gide, André

André Gide, one of the premier French writers of the twentieth century, reflected his homosexuality in many of his numerous works.

literature >> Melville, Herman

The most important American novelist of the nineteenth century, Herman Melville reflects his homosexuality throughout his texts.

literature >> Montesquiou-Fezensac, Count Robert de

Count Robert de Montesquiou was a writer during France's Belle Epoque, but he is best remembered as a dandy and an aesthete, who inspired the literary creations of others.

literature >> Proust, Marcel

Marcel Proust is the author of A la recherche du temps perdu, one of the major achievements of Modernism and a great gay novel.

literature >> Wilde, Oscar

Oscar Wilde is important both as an accomplished writer and as a symbolic figure who exemplified a way of being homosexual at a pivotal moment in the emergence of gay consciousness.


    Bibliography
   

Barthes, Roland. "Pierre Loti: Aziyadé." New Critical Essays. Richard Howard, trans. New York: Hill and Wang, 1980. 105-121.

Berrong, Richard M. In Love with a Handsome Sailor: The Emergence of Gay Identity and the Novels of Pierre Loti. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2003.

Loti, Pierre. Discours de réception de la Séance de l'Académie française du 7 avril 1892. Paris: Calmann-Lévy, 1892.

Quella-Villéger, Alain. Pierre Loti: le pèlerin de la planète. Bordeaux: Aubéron, 1998.

Vercier, Bruno. "Un papillon citron-aurore." Revue des sciences humaines 222 (1991): 35-40.

Zanone, Damien. "Bretagne et Japon aux Antipodes, Les Deux Monuments d'un même roman d'amour pour Yves: Lecture de Mon frère Yves et Madame Chrysanthème." Loti et son temps: Colloque de Paimpol 22, 23, 24, et 25 juillet. François Chappé, ed. Rennes: Presses Universitaires de Rennes, 1994. 97-110.

 

    Citation Information
         
    Author: Berrong, Richard M.  
    Entry Title: Loti, Pierre (Julien Viaud)  
    General Editor: Claude J. Summers  
    Publication Name: glbtq: An Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual,
Transgender, and Queer Culture
 
    Publication Date: 2005  
    Date Last Updated October 8, 2007  
    Web Address www.glbtq.com/literature/loti_p.html  
    Publisher glbtq, Inc.
1130 West Adams
Chicago, IL   60607
 
    Today's Date  
    Encyclopedia Copyright: © 2002-2006, glbtq, Inc.  
    Entry Copyright © 2005, glbtq, inc.  
 

 

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