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social sciences

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Boston  
 
page: 1  2  3  4  

Boston Today

In Boston today the principal gay neighborhood is the South End--not to be confused with the geographically adjacent but culturally distant South Boston neighborhood that hosts the St. Patrick's Day parade. There are lesbian communities in the Jamaica Plain neighborhood and also across the river in Cambridge.

Boston has a wide variety of gay and lesbian bars and clubs catering to tastes from drag to leather, from show tunes to jazz to the latest alternative rock. There are also gay- or lesbian-owned or -friendly restaurants, bookstores, health clubs, and lodging places.

Sponsor Message.

A highlight of the year is Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgendered Pride Week, which is held in early June. The celebration begins with the South End Pride Lighting, the illumination of pink lights bedecking a large tree outside the Boston Center for the Arts. Activities throughout the week include parties, dances, and harbor cruises. The festival culminates in a downtown parade at which glbtq Bostonians and their allies come together to celebrate with pride.

Linda Rapp

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   Related Entries
  
literature >> Overview:  American Literature: Nineteenth Century

Although sometimes coded as romantic friendship, both gay male and lesbian attractions are reflected in nineteenth-century American poetry and fiction, including works by such major figures as Walt Whitman, Herman Melville, and Emily Dickinson.

social sciences >> Overview:  Roman Catholicism

Historically, the Roman Catholic Church may be the institution most responsible for the suffering of individuals involved in same-sex sexual relationships.

literature >> Overview:  Romantic Friendship: Female

Until the beginning of the twentieth century, intimate, exclusive, and often erotic romantic friendships between women were largely perceived as normal and socially acceptable.

literature >> Overview:  Romantic Friendship: Male

Critics use the term male romantic friendship to describe strong attachments between men in works ranging from ancient epics and medieval romances to Renaissance plays, Gothic novels, westerns, and war movies.

social sciences >> Overview:  Same-Sex Marriage

Lesbian and gay couples have been fighting for the freedom to marry since the dawn of the modern glbtq struggle for equality; despite some success abroad, progress toward same-sex marriage in the United States has been slow.

literature >> Bates, Katharine Lee

American poet, literary scholar, and educator, Katharine Lee Bates is best known for her poem "America the Beautiful" and for her relationship with Wellesley College colleague Katharine Coman.

arts >> Beardsley, Aubrey

English decadent and Symbolist artist Aubrey Beardsley made a lasting contribution to the art of illustration; a satirist with a gift for caricature and grotesquerie, Beardsley attacked Victorian sexual values.

social sciences >> Boston Marriages

Boston marriages--romantic unions between women that were usually monogamous but not necessarily sexual--flourished in the late nineteenth-century between women who tended to be college-educated, feminist, financially independent, and career-minded.

arts >> Cushman, Charlotte

One of the most famous actresses of the nineteenth century, Charlotte Cushman was a commanding presence both on and off stage; she used her fortune and fame to champion the work of other women artists, among them her lover Emma Stebbins.

social sciences >> Daughters of Bilitis

The first national lesbian political and social organization in the United States, the Daughters of Bilitis was a significant part of the pre-Stonewall lesbian and gay rights movement.

arts >> Day, F. Holland

American intellectual publisher, aesthete, and photographer, F. Holland Day created homoerotic photographs notable for their relation to fin de siècle cultural interests.

social sciences >> Frank, Barney

Openly gay U. S. congressman Barney Frank has been a leader not only in the cause of gay and lesbian rights but also on issues including fair housing, consumer rights, banking, and immigration.

social sciences >> Gay & Lesbian Advocates & Defenders (GLAD)

New England's leading legal organization dedicated to equal justice for glbtq individuals and families, Gay & Lesbian Advocates & Defenders (GLAD) provides litigation, advocacy, and educational work in all areas of glbtq civil rights.

arts >> Hosmer, Harriet Goodhue

American sculptor Harriet Hosmer, among a handful of successful women artists in the nineteenth century, frequently scandalized the polite society of her day by her mannish dress and adventurous behavior.

literature >> James, Henry

Though closeted, Henry James had a number of intimate relations with young men, and his sexual orientation imbued his fiction.

literature >> Jewett, Sarah Orne

Sarah Orne Jewett is a major figure in the literature of female romantic friendship, the precursor of modern lesbian literature.

social sciences >> Kameny, Frank

One of the founding fathers of the American gay rights movement, Frank Kameny helped radicalize the homophile movement, preparing the way for the mass movement for equality initiated by the Stonewall Riots of 1969.

literature >> Lowell, Amy

Much of Amy Lowell's poetry is extremely frank, forthrightly sensual, and often overtly lesbian.

social sciences >> Noble, Elaine

A dedicated lesbian activist in the early years of the gay liberation movement, Elaine Noble made history as the first openly gay candidate elected to a state-level office when she won a seat in the Massachusetts House of Representatives in 1974.

arts >> Stebbins, Emma

Emma Stebbins is remembered for the sculpture that she produced between 1859 and 1869 and for being the lover of actress Charlotte Cushman.

literature >> Thoreau, Henry David

In essays, journals, and poems, Henry David Thoreau recorded impassioned expressions of the beauty and the agony of love between men.

social sciences >> Tobias, Andrew

Financial writer Andrew Tobias, the author of the classic coming out memoir The Best Little Boy in the World (1973), was elected Treasurer of the Democratic Party in 1999.

arts >> Whitney, Anne

Boston sculptor Anne Whitney, who as a woman in a male-dominated field struggled for equality, chose subjects--abolitionists, feminists, and blacks--that reflected her liberal political and social beliefs.

literature >> Wilde, Oscar

Oscar Wilde is important both as an accomplished writer and as a symbolic figure who exemplified a way of being homosexual at a pivotal moment in the emergence of gay consciousness.


    Bibliography
   

Belluck, Pam. "Hundreds of Same-sex Couples Wed in Massachusetts." New York Times (May 18, 2004): A1.

Crary, David. "Gays Celebrate Historic Day." Buffalo (New York) News (May 18, 2004): A1.

Ellement, John. "Supreme Court Victory Sweet for Veterans' Lawyer." Boston Globe (June 24, 1995): 18.

History Project, The. Improper Bostonians: Lesbian and Gay History from the Puritans to Playland. Boston: Beacon Press, 1998.

Longcope, Kay. "Gay Right Bill a Victory of Endurance." Boston Globe (November 19, 1989): 33.

Painter, George. "The Sensibilities of Our Forefathers: The History of Sodomy Laws in the United States: Massachusetts." (1991-2002). www.sodomylaws.org/sensibilities/massachusetts.htm.

Paulson, Michael. "The Cardinal Resigns." Boston Globe (December 14, 2002): A1.

Shand-Tucci, Douglass. Boston Bohemia: Life and Architecture: Ralph Adams Cram. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1995.

_____. The Crimson Letter: Harvard, Homosexuality, and the Shaping of American Culutre. New York: St. Martin's Press, 2003.

Stammer, Larry B., and Richard Boudreaux. "Cardinal Law Is Snubbed; Six U.S. Catholic Leaders Skip a Vatican Mass Led by the Disgraced Former Boston Archbishop." Los Angeles Times (April 12, 2005): A1.

Wurman, Richard Saul. Access: Boston. 6th ed. New York: Access Press, 2002.

www.boston.about.com/od/gaylesbianinfo.

www.boston-online.com/Gay.

 

    Citation Information
         
    Author: Rapp, Linda  
    Entry Title: Boston  
    General Editor: Claude J. Summers  
    Publication Name: glbtq: An Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual,
Transgender, and Queer Culture
 
    Publication Date: 2005  
    Date Last Updated October 13, 2005  
    Web Address www.glbtq.com/social-sciences/boston.html  
    Publisher glbtq, Inc.
1130 West Adams
Chicago, IL   60607
 
    Today's Date  
    Encyclopedia Copyright: © 2002-2006, glbtq, Inc.  
    Entry Copyright © 2005, glbtq, inc.  
 

 

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