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social sciences

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Subjects:  A-E  F-L  M-Z

     
Counseling  
 
page: 1  2  3  

Counselors must avoid using their own personal, cultural, or religious beliefs to criticize or condemn clients for their sexual orientation or gender expression. Examples of this type of counseling are "reparative" or "conversion" therapies, which aim to change a person's sexual orientation, based on the belief that homosexuality is unnatural and sinful. Therapeutic associations, such as the American Psychological Association and the American Psychiatric Association, have spoken out against such therapies.

Finally, it is vital for counselors to practice a "strengths" approach, which entails the support and affirmation of people with glbtq identities. In counterbalance to the homophobia and transphobia that is so pervasive in society, this counseling perspective celebrates sexual and gender diversity, and its practitioners are committed to sensitivity and competency when working with the glbtq population.

Sponsor Message.

Andrew Matzner

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social sciences >> Overview:  Aversion Therapy

A form of behavior modification that employs unpleasant and sometimes painful stimuli, aversion therapy was one of the more popular treatments for homosexuality and cross-dressing in the 1950s and 1960s.

social sciences >> Overview:  Bisexuality

Although until recently rejected by most sexologists as a distinct sexual identity, bisexuality is gradually becoming recognized and studied as such.

social sciences >> Overview:  The Closet

If the closet has served to institutionalize homosexuality as shameful and inferior vis-à-vis the legitimate heterosexual culture, it has also provided a space of possibility for subversive sexual and political acts.

social sciences >> Overview:  Family Therapy

Glbtq family therapy is a relatively new field that merges gay-affirmative therapy with family systems theory; its goal is to help glbtq people create and maintain healthy families.

social sciences >> Overview:  Grief

The experience of loss is a universal condition of humanity, but glbtq individuals may face particular challenges in finding support to help them in their grieving process.

social sciences >> Overview:  Grief Resources

There are many excellent resources, both general and specifically tailored for glbtq individuals, which can assist in the process of healing after a bereavement or other major loss.

social sciences >> Overview:  Homophobia

Homophobia was originally defined as a "dread of being in close quarters with homosexuals," but it is now sometimes used to describe any form of anti-gay bias.

social sciences >> Overview:  Psychoanalysis

Psychoanalysis, which began as a therapeutic procedure, ultimately became one of the most powerful methods of cultural analysis and critique of the twentieth-century.

social sciences >> Overview:  Psychotherapy

Psychotherapy, the clinical process of treating mental and emotional health problems, has recently been energized by a movement to depathologize homosexuality and to enhance the dignity and self-respect of glbtq clients.

social sciences >> Overview:  Reparative Therapy

Reparative therapy is a dangerously misguided attempt, supported by homophobic religious organizations, to change a person's sexual orientation from homosexual to heterosexual.

social sciences >> Overview:  Sexual Addiction

A compulsive behavior that completely dominates the addict's life, sexual addiction is an intimacy disorder that frequently causes severe stress on the addict and his or her friends and family.

social sciences >> Overview:  Social Work

Since the 1990s, Social Work has slowly become a more glbtq-friendly profession.

social sciences >> Overview:  Straight Men Who Have Sex with Men (SMSM)

Straight men who have sex with men do so for a number of reasons, but in general such activity is about physical release and sexual behaviors, not about attraction or desire for another man.

social sciences >> Ellis, Havelock

Henry Havelock Ellis--British psychologist and writer--was one of the first modern thinkers to challenge Victorian taboos against the frank and objective discussion of sex.

social sciences >> Freud, Sigmund

The founder of psychoanalysis and the discoverer of the unconscious, Sigmund Freud initiated a fundamental transformation in the self-understanding of Western men and women, including especially the role of sexuality.

social sciences >> Hooker, Evelyn

American psychologist Evelyn Hooker's pioneering studies on male homosexuality in the 1950s and 1960s challenged the "sickness" model of homosexuality then prevalent.

social sciences >> Sissy Boy Syndrome

When the American Psychiatric Association removed homosexuality from its list of mental illnesses, it added in its place "Gender Identity Disorder in Childhood," or "The Sissy Boy Syndrome."

social sciences >> The Trevor Project

The Trevor Project, a Los Angeles-based educational organization, operates the only national 24-hour, toll-free suicide prevention hot line in the U.S. aimed at glbtq youth.


    Bibliography
   

Barret, Robert, and Colleen R. Logan. Counseling Gay Men and Lesbians: A Practice Primer. Belmont, Cal.: Brooks/Cole, 2002.

Bettinger, Michael. It's Your Hour: A Guide to Queer Psychotherapy. Los Angeles: Alyson Publications, 2001.

Ettner, Randi, and George R. Brown. Gender Loving Care: A Guide to Counseling Gender-Variant Clients. New York: Norton, 1999.

Finnegan, Dana G., and Emily B. McNally. Counseling Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Substance Abusers: Dual Identities. Binghamton, N. Y.: Haworth Press, 2002.

Israel, Gianna E. Transgender Care: Recommended Guidelines, Practical Information, and Personal Accounts. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1997.

Neal, Charles, and Dominic Davies, eds. Issues in Therapy With Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgendered Clients. Buckingham, England: Open University Press, 2000.

Perez, Ruperto M., Kurt A. DeBord, and Kathleen J. Bieschke, eds. Handbook of Counseling and Psychotherapy with Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Clients. Washington: American Psychological Association, 2000.

 

    Citation Information
         
    Author: Matzner, Andrew  
    Entry Title: Counseling  
    General Editor: Claude J. Summers  
    Publication Name: glbtq: An Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual,
Transgender, and Queer Culture
 
    Publication Date: 2004  
    Date Last Updated November 3, 2005  
    Web Address www.glbtq.com/social-sciences/counseling.html  
    Publisher glbtq, Inc.
1130 West Adams
Chicago, IL   60607
 
    Today's Date  
    Encyclopedia Copyright: © 2002-2006, glbtq, Inc.  
    Entry Copyright © 2004, glbtq, inc.  
 

 

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