glbtq: an encyclopedia of gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender & queer culture
home
arts
literature
social sciences
special features
discussion
about glbtq
   search

 
   Encyclopedia
   Discussion
 
 

   member name
  
   password
  
 
   
   Forgot Your Password?  
   
Not a Member Yet?  
   
JOIN TODAY. IT'S FREE!

 
  Advertising Opportunities
  Permissions & Licensing
  Terms of Service
  Privacy Policy
  Copyright

 

 

 

 

 
social sciences

Alpha Index:  A-B  C-F  G-K  L-Q  R-S  T-Z

Subjects:  A-E  F-L  M-Z

     
Immigration Law  
 
page: 1  2  

As of 2000, the following countries had some sort of policy allowing individuals to sponsor same-sex partners for immigration: Australia, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Great Britain, Iceland, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, South Africa, and Sweden.

In countries where these policies do not exist, such as the United States, transnational couples must either choose to live in different nations, migrate illegally (and run the risk of imprisonment or deportation), or find another legal method for migration.

Sponsor Message.

In the United States, if one is not eligible for family-sponsored immigration, one is generally dependent upon one's work skills for migration. Visas are easier to obtain by those who have skills that are desirable and in short supply in the United States workforce (such as nursing and teaching in inner-city schools).

Potential migrants usually must secure sponsorship from an employer before they can be granted a visa. Those who lose their jobs are at a significant risk of losing their visas if they do not get another job quickly. Additionally, individuals can try to gain employment from a multinational corporation headquartered in their own country that is willing to send them to their partner's country, but this method carries the risk of being recalled at any time.

Finally, many individuals use educational visas to enter the country. These visas carry the requirement of full-time study and are rescinded shortly after a specified degree is earned. Most of the time, visa holders are not permitted to work while using an educational visa and they are required to report periodically to the government on degree progress, address, and major field.

Once in the United States on a visa, individuals can apply for permanent residency (a Green Card). But while those who get green cards through marriage or family sponsorship can leave the country, those who do it through other types of visas may not be able to leave the United States for years.

Mikaila Mariel Lemonik Arthur

  <previous page   page: 1  2    

    
 interact  
   
Contact Us
 
Join the Discussion
 
 find 
   
Related Entries
 
More Entries by this contributor
 
A Bibliography on this Topic

 
Citation Information
 
More Entries about Social Sciences
 
 


   Related Entries
  
social sciences >> Overview:  AIDS Law

AIDS law comprises the legal principles contained in the body of statutes, regulations, administrative rulings, and judicial decisions that emerged in response to legal issues presented by the AIDS epidemic.

social sciences >> Overview:  Gay Rights Movement, U. S.

The U.S. gay rights movement has made significant progress toward achieving equality for glbtq Americans, and in the process has become more inclusive and diverse, but much remains to be done.

social sciences >> Overview:   Norway

Like most Scandinavian countries, Norway respects glbtq rights, and Norwegians are broadly tolerant of homosexuals.

social sciences >> Overview:  Sexual Citizenship

The concept of sexual citizenship draws attention to the political aspects of erotics and the sexual component of politics.

social sciences >> Overview:  Vancouver

With a constant influx of immigrants and a vigorous and adaptable economy, Vancouver is a progressive city with a large and active glbtq community.

social sciences >> ACLU LGBT & AIDS Project

For more than four decades, the ACLU has been at the forefront of litigation and education designed to secure glbtq rights on a variety of fronts.

social sciences >> Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA)

The Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) authorizes states to refuse to recognize same-sex marriages or domestic partnerships or civil unions and it requires that federal bureaus and agencies recognize only opposite-sex marriages.

social sciences >> Fortuyn, Pim

Openly gay Dutch politician Pim Fortuyn, who was assassinated in 2003, was in the political spotlight for only a few months, yet he managed to change the modern Netherlands.

social sciences >> Gay & Lesbian Advocates & Defenders (GLAD)

New England's leading legal organization dedicated to equal justice for glbtq individuals and families, Gay & Lesbian Advocates & Defenders (GLAD) provides litigation, advocacy, and educational work in all areas of glbtq civil rights.

social sciences >> International Lesbian and Gay Association (ILGA)

The International Lesbian and Gay Association (ILGA) is a worldwide federation of local and national groups dedicated to achieving equal rights for glbtq people.

arts >> Miller, Tim

Performance artist Tim Miller presents shows that are rooted in his own life experiences, but that are also a powerful form of glbtq activism.

social sciences >> National Center for Lesbian Rights

Founded in 1977 as the Lesbian Rights Project, the National Center for Lesbian Rights is a public interest law firm committed to advancing the civil and human rights of glbtq people through litigation, advocacy, and education.

social sciences >> Persian Gay and Lesbian Organization (PGLO)

The Persian Gay and Lesbian Organization (PGLO) advocates for civil and human rights for Iranian glbtq people around the world.


    Bibliography
   

Adelman, Howard, et al., eds. Immigration and Refugee Policy: Australia and Canada Compared. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1994.

Cant, Bob, ed. Invented Identities: Lesbians and Gays Talk About Migration. London: Cassell, 1997.

Hart, John. Stories of Gay and Lesbian Immigration: Together Forever? New York: Harrington Park Press, 2002.

Kelson, Gregory A., and Debra L. Deleat, eds. Gender and Immigration. New York: New York University Press, 1999.

Legomsky, Stephan H. Immigration Law and Policy. New York: Foundation Press, 1997.

Luibhéid, Eithne. Entry Denied: Controlling Sexuality at the Border. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2002.

Manalansan, Martin F., IV, "In the Shadows of Stonewall: Examining Gay Transnational Politics and the Diaspora Dilemma." GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies 2 (1995): 425-38.

Martin, David A., et al. Immigration and Citizenship: Process and Policy. Florence, Ky.: West Wadsworth, 1998.

McClure, Heather, Lavi Soloway, and Chris Nugent. Preparing Sexual-Orientation-Based Asylum Claims: A Handbook for Advocates and Asylum Seekers. Chicago: Heartland Alliance, 2000.

McGhee, Derek. "Persecution and Social Group Status: Homosexual Refugees in the 1990s." Journal of Refugee Studies 12.1 (2001): 20-42.

Schrader, Richard A. Lesbians and Gays Changed Australian Immigration: History and Herstory. Sydney: Gay and Lesbian Immigration Task Force of New South Wales, 2002.

 

    Citation Information
         
    Author: Arthur, Mikaila Mariel Lemonik  
    Entry Title: Immigration Law  
    General Editor: Claude J. Summers  
    Publication Name: glbtq: An Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual,
Transgender, and Queer Culture
 
    Publication Date: 2004  
    Date Last Updated May 25, 2005  
    Web Address www.glbtq.com/social-sciences/immigration_law.html  
    Publisher glbtq, Inc.
1130 West Adams
Chicago, IL   60607
 
    Today's Date  
    Encyclopedia Copyright: © 2002-2006, glbtq, Inc.  
    Entry Copyright © 2004, glbtq, inc.  
 

 

This Entry Copyright © 2004, glbtq, inc.

www.glbtq.com is produced by glbtq, Inc., 1130 West Adams Street, Chicago, IL   60607 glbtq™ and its logo are trademarks of glbtq, Inc.
This site and its contents Copyright © 2002-2006, glbtq, Inc.  All Rights Reserved.
Your use of this site indicates that you accept its Terms of Service.