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social sciences

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Latin America: Colonial  
 
page: 1  2  

Tolerance of Sodomites

According to the Inquisition authorities, a network of sodomites found in Mexico City in 1658 had developed a "complicity" to hide each other. In Gruzinsky´s view, the capacity of this network to escape from the Inquisition for a long time shows a level of tolerance among the population. Many of the sodomites who were punished had performed same-sex sexual activities during many years in a society where there were few places that were not exposed to public scrutiny.

Luiz Mott has analyzed the Inquisition records for Brazil, especially for the Northeastern region, and found the existence of another extended network of sodomites who fought to sustain their practices in spite of the punishment. These men, called "fanchonos," seemed to be relatively open in their practices.

Sponsor Message.

Little is known about same-sex sexual performances and identities between women, both because of lack of research and because the sources for such activities are scarce.

Pablo Ben

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social sciences >> Overview:  Brazil

A notably diverse country, Brazil is also home to one of the world's most dynamic glbtq political movements.

social sciences >> Overview:  Colombia

Although glbtq persons in Colombia continue to be the victims of discrimination and violent hate crimes because of their sexual orientation, civil rights progress has been made in recent years.

social sciences >> Overview:  Indigenous Cultures

"Indigenous" is a concept important in the history of anthropology, particularly as it regards anthropology's treatment of same-sex sexual relations.

social sciences >> Overview:  Inquisition

In the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries, the Inquisitions of Aragon and Portugal prosecuted almost 1500 trials for sodomy of various kinds.

social sciences >> Overview:  Mexico

Although Mexico has had a long history of homosexual activity that began before the Conquest, its Latin American machismo has problematized the acceptance of glbtq people.

social sciences >> Overview:  Nicaragua

Thanks to the valiant struggle of activists to counter a long tradition of intolerance and machismo, Nicaragua now has a more visible glbtq community than ever before.

social sciences >> Overview:  Roman Catholicism

Historically, the Roman Catholic Church may be the institution most responsible for the suffering of individuals involved in same-sex sexual relationships.

social sciences >> Overview:  Spain

From a particularly strong application of sodomy laws in the early modern period to a liberalization of sexual mores since the 1980s, Spanish society has displayed an ambivalent and complex relationship to sexual minorities.

social sciences >> Berdache

Both male and female berdaches (or two-spirit persons), common among Native American tribal cultures, were characterized by gender variation sanctioned by supernatural dreams and visions.


    Bibliography
   

Gruzinsky, Serge. "The Ashes of Desire: Homosexuality in Mid-Seventeenth-Century New Spain." Infamous Desire: Male Homosexuality in Colonial Latin America. Pete Sigal, ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003. 197-214.

Herdt, Gilbert. Third Sex, Third Gender: Beyond Sexual Dimorphism in Culture and History. New York: Zone Books, 1994.

Horswell, Michael. "Toward an Andean Theory of Ritual Same-Sex Sexuality and Third-Gender Subjectivity." Infamous Desire: Male Homosexuality in Colonial Latin America. Pete Sigal, ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003. 25-69.

Lockhart, James. The Nahuas after the Conquest: A Social and Cultural History of the Indians of Central Mexico, Sixteenth through Eighteenth Centuries. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1992.

Mott, Luiz. "Crypto-Sodomites in Colonial Brazil." Infamous Desire: Male Homosexuality in Colonial Latin America. Pete Sigal, ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003. 168-97.

_____. Escravidão, homossexualidade e demonologia. São Paulo: Icone, 1988.

Sigal, Pete. From Moon Goddesses to Virgins: The Colonization of Yucatecan Mayan Sexual Desire. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2000.

_____. "(Homo)Sexual Desire and Masculine Power in Colonial Latin America: Notes toward an Integrated Analysis." Infamous Desire: Male Homosexuality in Colonial Latin America. Pete Sigal, ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003. 1-24.

Stavig, Ward. "Political 'Abomination' and Private Reservation: The Nefarious Sin, Homosexuality, and Cultural Values in Colonial Peru." Infamous Desire: Male Homosexuality in Colonial Latin America. Pete Sigal, ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003. 134-51

Texler, Richard. Sex and the Conquest: Gendered Violence, Political Order, and the European Conquest of the Americas. Ithaca, N. Y.: Cornell University Press, 1995.

 

    Citation Information
         
    Author: Ben, Pablo  
    Entry Title: Latin America: Colonial  
    General Editor: Claude J. Summers  
    Publication Name: glbtq: An Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual,
Transgender, and Queer Culture
 
    Publication Date: 2004  
    Date Last Updated November 23, 2006  
    Web Address www.glbtq.com/social-sciences/latin_america_colonial.html  
    Publisher glbtq, Inc.
1130 West Adams
Chicago, IL   60607
 
    Today's Date  
    Encyclopedia Copyright: © 2002-2006, glbtq, Inc.  
    Entry Copyright © 2004, glbtq, inc.  
 

 

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