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social sciences

Alpha Index:  A-B  C-F  G-K  L-Q  R-S  T-Z

Subjects:  A-E  F-L  M-Z

Parker, Annise (b. 1956)  
page: 1  2  3  4  

Under Parker's leadership, Houston came through the "great recession" in relatively better financial shape than many other large American cities. Parker made job growth a priority. Her initiatives included Rebuild Houston, an infrastructure project that created many new jobs that will be retained.

In addition, she established a city department to respond to the needs of neighborhoods and an office to promote business opportunities for small companies owned by women or members of minority communities. Fast Company, a business magazine, chose Houston as City of the Year in both 2010 and 2011.

Sponsor Message.

President Obama named Parker to his Task Force on Climate Preparedness and Resilience in November 2013. She is also a member of the Advisory Council of the United States Secretary of Homeland Security. In addition, she serves on the board of the Texas Environmental Research Consortium.

In November 2013 Parker announced that Houston will extend life and health insurance benefits to the spouses of all legally married city employees, including those who have wed a same-sex partner in a jurisdiction where such marriages are legal. Parker argues that the United States Supreme Court decision in June 2013 in United States v. Windsor, which found Section 3 of the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) unconstitutional, supersedes a similar state law in Texas.

With respect to a 2001 amendment to the Houston city charter that was passed to deny benefits to same-sex partners of city employees but did so by limiting spousal benefits to legally married spouses, she commented to Mike Morris of the Houston Chronicle, "The amendment specifically permits benefits to be provided to legal spouses of employees. I can only assume that it was contemplated that there would never be a time when same-sex couples were in legally sanctioned relationships."

On December 17, 2013, the chairman of the Harris County Republican Party filed a lawsuit challenging the benefits. A Republican state judge issued a temporary restraining order against the implementation of the non-discriminatory policy until a hearing scheduled for January 6, 2014. City Attorneys and Lambda Legal managed to get the case moved to federal court, where a judge quickly dissolved the state judge's restraining order and the benefits went into effect even as the broader issue remains before the courts.

Although Parker had said that she and Hubbard would not get married until same-sex marriage was legal in Texas, the Supreme Court ruling striking down the Defense of Marriage Act in June 2013 seems to have changed her mind.

Parker and Hubbard wed in a ceremony at a private home in Palm Springs, California on January 16, 2014 on the couple's 23rd anniversary.

The ceremony was held at sunset and was attended by a small group of family and friends of the couple, including Parker's mother and Hubbard's sister and the couple's adopted son.

In a press release issued following the wedding, Parker said, "We have had to wait a very long time to formalize our commitment to each other. Kathy has been by my side for more than two decades, helping to raise a family, nurture my political career and all of the other ups and down and life events that come with a committed relationship."

Linda Rapp

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social sciences >> Overview:  Anti-discrimination Statutes and Ordinances

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social sciences >> Overview:  Elected Officials

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social sciences >> Overview:  Gaybashing

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social sciences >> Overview:  Portland, Oregon

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social sciences >> Overview:  Transgender Issues in the Law

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social sciences >> Overview:  Workplace Discrimination

Although work remains to be done, the expansion of protection from workplace discrimination based on sexual orientation stands as one of the significant accomplishments of the American lesbian and gay civil rights movement.

social sciences >> Cicilline, David

U. S. Representative David Cicilline, who made history as the first openly gay mayor of a state capital, has a long record of public service.

social sciences >> Murray, Edward B. ("Ed") 

After a long career in the legislature of the state of Washington, Ed Murray was elected mayor of Seattle in November of 2013.


Benton, Mary. "Mayor Parker Appoints 1st Transgender Municipal Judge." On the Beat with Mary Benton (November 17, 2010):

Hennessy-Fiske, Molly. "Annise Parker, Democrat, Wins 3rd Term as Houston Mayor." Los Angeles Times (November 6, 2013):,2201825.story.

Holley, Joe. "Houston's Mayor-Elect: How Parker Won." Houston Chronicle (December 14, 2009): A1.

"Houston Mayor-Elect on Victory." All Things Considered. NPR (December 14, 2009):

Kiritsy, Laura. "Coming Out, Voted In." Ms. 20.1 (Winter 2010): 12-13.

Marcus, Rachel. "Houston Mayoral Race Sees Personal Attacks." New York Times (December 12, 2009): A11.

"Mayor's Biography." City of Houston:

Morris, Mike. "Houston to Offer Same-sex Spousal Benefits." Houston Chronicle (November 20, 2013): http://

_____. "Mayor Parker Marries Longtime Partner." Houston Chronicle (January 16, 2014):

Nichols, Bruce. "Houston's Strong Mayor Aided Rebound, Some Say." Dallas Morning News (November 29, 2004): 1A.

Olson, Bradley. "A New Role for Parker's Partner; Landmark Election Thrusts Shy, Reserved Companion into Public Eye." Houston Chronicle (December 20, 2009): A10.

______. "Ministers, Conservatives Work for Parker's Defeat." Houston Chronicle (November 13, 2009):

______. "Parker Extends City Rights to Transgendered." Houston Chronicle (April 3, 2010):

Smith Yang, Jacob. "Houston Police Get a Lesson in Gay Bashing." Gay Community News 19.6 (Boston) (August 24, 1991): 1.

Snyder, Mike. "For Parker, It's All about the Details." Houston Chronicle (October 15, 2009): A1.

Taffet, David. "A Conversation with Houston Mayor Annise Parker." Dallas Voice (September 23, 2010):

Taylor, Aubrey. "Mayor Annise Parker Cruises to Victory in the 2013 City of Houston Elections." Houston Business Connection Magazine (November 7, 2013): http://

Tolson, Mike. "Anti-gay Activist Launches Mailer Blitz against Parker." Houston Chronicle (November 19. 2009): B3.


    Citation Information
    Author: Rapp, Linda  
    Entry Title: Parker, Annise  
    General Editor: Claude J. Summers  
    Publication Name: glbtq: An Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual,
Transgender, and Queer Culture
    Publication Date: 2011  
    Date Last Updated January 21, 2014  
    Web Address  
    Publisher glbtq, Inc.
1130 West Adams
Chicago, IL   60607
    Today's Date  
    Encyclopedia Copyright: © 2002-2006, glbtq, Inc.  
    Entry Copyright © 2011 glbtq, Inc.  


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