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social sciences

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On May 17, 2010, the President reluctantly signed the bill, acknowledging that if he vetoed it the veto would be overturned by Parliament. "I feel I should not contribute to a pointless extension of this debate, which would only serve to deepen the divisions," he said.

The achievement of marriage equality in Portugal was seen as a stinging rebuff to Pope Benedict XVI, who on a visit to Portugal days before the President signed the bill into law, bitterly denounced same-sex marriage.

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The glbtq people of Portugal have made significant progress in recent years. They have a greater political voice and a much stronger public presence than ever before.

Lisbon's Pride and Film festivals have grown year by year, and since 2001 the cities of Porto and Leiria have also held well-attended Pride events.

The acceptance of homosexuality has grown in part because of the lessening influence of the Roman Catholic Church in national affairs and because of the Portuguese people's desire to modernize their society.

Linda Rapp

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social sciences >> Overview:  Inquisition

In the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries, the Inquisitions of Aragon and Portugal prosecuted almost 1500 trials for sodomy of various kinds.

social sciences >> Overview:  Roman Catholicism

Historically, the Roman Catholic Church may be the institution most responsible for the suffering of individuals involved in same-sex sexual relationships.

social sciences >> Overview:  Situational Homosexuality

Situational homosexuality is same-sex sexual activity that occurs not as part of a gay life style, but because the participants happen to find themselves in a single-sex environment for a prolonged period.

social sciences >> European Commission on Human Rights / European Court of Human Rights

The European Commission on Human Rights was the first international human rights organization to condemn homophobia; the European Court of Human Rights, which replaced the Commission, has also helped enforce glbtq rights.

literature >> Pessoa, Fernando

Although his sexuality cannot be documented, the Portugese poet Fernando Pessoa wrote homoerotic verse, much of it in English.


Associação ILGA Portugal.

Gomes, Júlio. "Portugal." Encyclopedia of Homosexuality. Wayne R. Dynes, ed. New York: Garland Publishing, 1990. 1028-1030.

Higgs, David. "Lisbon." Queer Sites: Gay Urban Histories since 1600. David Higgs, ed. London and New York: Routledge, 1999. 112-137.

Howes, Robert. "Portugal." Gay Histories and Cultures: An Encyclopedia. George E. Haggerty, ed. New York and London: Garland Publishing, 2000. 704-705.

Mott, Luiz, and Aroldo Assunção. "Love's Labors Lost: Five Letters from a Seventeenth-Century Portuguese Sodomite." The Pursuit of Sodomy: Male Homosexuality in the Renaissance and Enlightenment. Kent Gerard and Gert Hekma, eds. New York: Harrington Park Press, 1989. 91-101.

O PortugalGay.PT.

"Portugal Adopts Same-Sex Partner Benefits." Data Lounge (March 16, 2001).

Santos, Ana Cristina. "Portuguese Law and Sexual Orientation." EU Monitoring and Advocacy Program. Open Society Institute. (April 2002).


    Citation Information
    Author: Rapp, Linda  
    Entry Title: Portugal  
    General Editor: Claude J. Summers  
    Publication Name: glbtq: An Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual,
Transgender, and Queer Culture
    Publication Date: 2004  
    Date Last Updated May 18, 2010  
    Web Address  
    Publisher glbtq, Inc.
1130 West Adams
Chicago, IL   60607
    Today's Date  
    Encyclopedia Copyright: © 2002-2006, glbtq, Inc.  
    Entry Copyright © 2004, glbtq, inc.  


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