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social sciences

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Proposition 8 (California)  
page: 1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10  

To the surprise of many observers, the Court of Appeals quickly complied with Attorney General Harris's request. On June 28, 2013, the first couples to marry after the nullification of Proposition 8 were wed. Appropriately, they were the plaintiffs who challenged Proposition 8 in federal court.

The first same-sex marriage following the Court's action occurred in San Francisco just before 5:00 p.m. Kris Perry and Sandy Stier were married by Attorney General Harris at City Hall before a hastily assembled crowd.

Sponsor Message.

The other plaintiffs in the landmark lawsuit, Paul Katami and Jeffrey Zarrillo, were married in Los Angeles an hour later by Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa.

On June 28, Governor Brown also clarified that registered domestic partners in California could be issued marriage licenses and that same-sex couples legally married in another jurisdiction "will be considered already legally married under California marriage licensing and certification laws and they should not be issued a new marriage license."

A desperate attempt to halt or at least delay the resumption of same-sex marriages through an emergency motion filed with the Supreme Court by the proponents of Proposition 8 failed when the motion was denied without comment.

The resumption of same-sex marriage in the nation's largest state energized the annual Pride celebrations in California and throughout the nation. It also galvanized the national movement for marriage equality.

Last-ditch and desperate attempts to revive Proposition 8 through appeals to the California Supreme Court failed on August 14, 2013, when the Court rejected without comment the argument that only an appellate court could overturn a statewide law.

Claude J. Summers

  <previous page   page: 1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10    

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social sciences >> Overview:  Domestic Partnerships

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social sciences >> Overview:  Political Blogs

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social sciences >> Overview:  Roman Catholicism

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social sciences >> Overview:  Same-Sex Marriage

Lesbian and gay couples have been fighting for the freedom to marry since the dawn of the modern glbtq struggle for equality; despite some success abroad, progress toward same-sex marriage in the United States has been slow.

arts >> Barclay, Paris 

Award-winning television director Paris Barclay is also an activist for glbtq rights, including marriage equality and the opportunity to adopt children as he and his husband have done.

social sciences >> Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA)

The Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) authorizes states to refuse to recognize same-sex marriages or domestic partnerships or civil unions and it requires that federal bureaus and agencies recognize only opposite-sex marriages.

social sciences >> Equality California (EQCA)

Equality California (EQCA) is one of the largest and fastest growing statewide glbtq advocacy and civil rights organizations in the United States.

social sciences >> GetEqual

The direct action group GetEqual has gained attention by its bold action, including civil disobedience, on behalf of equal rights for glbtq people.

social sciences >> Griffin, Chad

Chad Griffin co-founded the American Foundation for Equal Rights to sponsor a legal challenge to Proposition 8; in June 2012, he assumed the helm of the Human Rights Campaign.

social sciences >> Human Rights Campaign (HRC)

The largest glbtq political organization in the United States, the Human Rights Campaign has emerged as the leading national organization representing glbtq concerns.

social sciences >> National Center for Lesbian Rights

Founded in 1977 as the Lesbian Rights Project, the National Center for Lesbian Rights is a public interest law firm committed to advancing the civil and human rights of glbtq people through litigation, advocacy, and education.

social sciences >> Takano, Mark

In 2012, Mark Takano, a Japanese American from Riverside, California, became the first openly gay person of color to be elected to the United States House of Representatives.

arts >> Tyler, Robin

Charismatic performer and activist Robin Tyler has spent much of her life enmeshed in the struggle for gay and lesbian rights, from planning national marches to promoting same-sex marriage.


American Foundation for Equal Rights (2010):

"California Propositon 8 (2008)." Ballotpedia: An Interactive Almanac of State Politics (2009):

Dolan, Maura. "Proposition 8's Long and Winding Road to Legal Defeat."Los Angeles Times (July 6, 2013):,0,5367037.story

Griffin, Chad R. "What to Expect at the Ninth Circuit." (December 3, 2010):

"Marriage Is a Constitutional Right." New York Times (August 4, 2010):

Powell, Brian. "Marriage and the Court of Public Opinion." Los Angeles Times (December 5, 2010):,0,5712000.story

United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit: Perry v. Schwarzenegger:


    Citation Information
    Author: Summers, Claude J.  
    Entry Title: Proposition 8 (California)  
    General Editor: Claude J. Summers  
    Publication Name: glbtq: An Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual,
Transgender, and Queer Culture
    Publication Date: 2010  
    Date Last Updated May 3, 2014  
    Web Address  
    Publisher glbtq, Inc.
1130 West Adams
Chicago, IL   60607
    Today's Date  
    Encyclopedia Copyright: © 2002-2006, glbtq, Inc.  
    Entry Copyright © 2010 glbtq, Inc.  


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