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social sciences

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São Paulo  
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São Paulo Today

Marta Suplicy, the current mayor of São Paulo and a leader of the Workers' Party, sponsored domestic partnership legislation when she was a Federal Congresswoman. Both the militant labor movement that led the strike wave in the 1970s against the military regime and the Workers' Party that has become the largest leftist political party in Latin America emerged in São Paulo. In October 2002, Luis Ignácio Lula da Silva, Brazil's most important labor leader and a founder of the Workers' Party, was elected the President of Brazil with 61% of the vote. Many activists expect that this victory will help efforts to push through progressive legislation on glbtq issues in the Brazilian Congress.

As Brazil's richest city and one of the country's leading cultural centers, São Paulo has become the home of gay and lesbian film festivals, art exhibits, and other cultural activities. In addition, it prides itself on its vibrant, diverse, and extensive glbtq night life.

Sponsor Message.

Although the city is an endless expanse of high rises and urban sprawl, it nevertheless continues to attract gay and lesbian migrants from throughout the country. In São Paulo, they seek excitement, economic possibilities, social freedom, and a certain distance from the disapproving eyes of their families in other parts of Brazil.

James N. Green

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social sciences >> Overview:  Brazil

A notably diverse country, Brazil is also home to one of the world's most dynamic glbtq political movements.

social sciences >> Overview:  Domestic Partnerships

"Domestic partnership" is the generic term for a variety of forms of legal and institutional recognition of same-sex couples that fall short of same-sex marriage.

arts >> Overview:  Film Festivals

The queer film festival circuit came into its own in the early 1990s and has since burgeoned into a major international phenomenon.

social sciences >> Overview:  Parades and Marches

Both parades and marches have served to render the glbtq community visible; whereas marches typically attempt to effect political change, parades and pride events affirm identity and community.

social sciences >> Transsexuals of Brazil

Transgender people--more specifically, people who were born male but present themselves as female--are Brazil's single most marginalized group.


Green, James N. Beyond Carnival: Male Homosexuality in Twentieth-Century Brazil. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999.

Kulick, Don. Travesti: Sex, Gender, and Culture among Brazilian Transgendered Prostitutes. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998.

Mott, Luiz R. B. Epidemic of Hate: Violations of the Human Rights of Gay Men, Lesbians and Transvestites in Brazil. San Francisco: Grupo Gay da Bahia/International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission, 1996.

Parker, Richard. Beneath the Equator: Cultures of Desire, Male Homosexuality, and Emerging Gay Communities in Brazil. New York: Routledge, 1999.


    Citation Information
    Author: Green, James N.  
    Entry Title: São Paulo  
    General Editor: Claude J. Summers  
    Publication Name: glbtq: An Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual,
Transgender, and Queer Culture
    Publication Date: 2004  
    Date Last Updated December 14, 2006  
    Web Address  
    Publisher glbtq, Inc.
1130 West Adams
Chicago, IL   60607
    Today's Date  
    Encyclopedia Copyright: © 2002-2006, glbtq, Inc.  
    Entry Copyright © 2004, glbtq, inc.  


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