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social sciences

Alpha Index:  A-B  C-F  G-K  L-Q  R-S  T-Z

Subjects:  A-E  F-L  M-Z

     
Turkey  
 
page: 1  2  3  

Despite pressure from those seeking integration into the European Union and some lobbying by Turkish gay and lesbian organizations, incidents of active repression have recurred. Police raids on bars and the detention of transvestites were commonplace in the late 1980s. In 1989 the publishers of Yesil Baris (the newspaper of the Green Party), were charged with "spreading homosexual information" because they published a series of articles about lesbian and gay issues.

A 1993 gay and lesbian pride conference in Istanbul (which had been approved by the Interior Ministry) was banned just before it was to begin by the governor of Istanbul on the grounds that it would be contrary to Turkey's "tradition and moral values" and that it might disturb the peace. Some 28 foreign delegates were detained by the police and deported.

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Similarly, in 1995 a lesbian and gay festival that had been approved by the Interior Ministry was banned by Istanbul authorities just before it opened for being inconsistent with public morals. In 2000, 850 men and women from a gay cruise were detained in Kusadasi, though the mayor of the city apologized to the tourists the same day and invited them back.

Lambda Istanbul, a group advocating the liberation of gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgendered people in Turkey, was founded after the 1993 parade was banned. It has a stable membership of around 100. Lambda's raison d'être is "to reach homosexuals who have not yet made their coming out process and help them, to establish solidarity within the gay community, to fight the prejudice of the media and society, and to help gays in Turkey to develop their identity and work for equality and liberation."

Sappho is a group formed by lesbian members of Lambda during the late 1990s. Transvestites have been active within the Radical Democratic Green Party. Demet Dimir is a transgender activist who has received international recognition.

Beginning in 1995, Lambda published 100% GL, a magazine devoted to gay and lesbian issues, but, beginning in 1997, supported instead the magazine Kaos GL, a magazine published by the Ankara group Kaos GL, which was founded in 1994.

In the 1990s, along with sociopolitical organizations, a commercial male homosexual subculture began to emerge in Istanbul, concentrated in the Beyoglu (Pera) district, especially the Cihangir Quarter.

Stephen O. Murray

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    Bibliography
   

Andrews, Walter G. Poetry's Voice, Society's Song: Ottoman Lyric Poetry. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1985.

Busbecq, Ogier Chuselin de. Auguerii Gislenii Busbequii Omnia quae extant. [1554-1562]. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1968.

Drake, Jonathan. "'Le Vice' in Turkey." International Journal of Greek Love 1 (1966): 13-27.

Lybyer, Albert H. "The Government of the Ottoman Empire in the Time of Suleiman the Magnificent." Harvard Historical Studies 18 (1913).

Murray, Stephen O. "Corporealizing Medieval Persian and Turkish Tropes." Islamic Homosexualities. Stephen O. Murray and Will Roscoe, eds. New York: New York University Press, 1997. 132-41.

_____. "Homosexuality among Slave Elites in Ottoman Turkey." Islamic Homosexualities. Stephen O. Murray and Will Roscoe, eds. New York: New York University Press, 1997. 174-86.

_____."Homosexuality in the Ottoman Empire." Historical Reflections 30 (in press).

Roscoe, Will. "Priests of the Goddess." History of Religions 35 (1996): 295-330.

Schimmel, Annemarie. As Through a Veil: Mystical Poetry in Islam. New York: Columbia University Press, 1982.

Tapnic, Huseyin. "Masculinity, Femininity, and Turkish Male Homosexuality." Modern Homosexualities. Ken Plummer, ed. London: Routledge, 1992. 39-49.

Yuzgun, Arslan. "Homosexuality and Police Terror in Turkey." Journal of Homosexuality 24.3-4 (1993): 159-69.

 

    Citation Information
         
    Author: Murray, Stephen O.  
    Entry Title: Turkey  
    General Editor: Claude J. Summers  
    Publication Name: glbtq: An Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual,
Transgender, and Queer Culture
 
    Publication Date: 2004  
    Date Last Updated July 28, 2005  
    Web Address www.glbtq.com/social-sciences/turkey.html  
    Publisher glbtq, Inc.
1130 West Adams
Chicago, IL   60607
 
    Today's Date  
    Encyclopedia Copyright: © 2002-2006, glbtq, Inc.  
    Entry Copyright © 2004, glbtq, inc.  
 

 

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